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Also known as ringworm of the foottinea pedistinea pedum, and moccasin footAthletes foot 1. Canadian Academy of Sports Nutrition caasnathlete’s foot is a fungal infection of the foot. It is a contagious and persistent infection that most commonly affects the toes and toenails.

Moisture and warmth resulting from foot sweating facilitate fungal growth. Common places for a person to contact this fungus are gym floors, locker rooms, public or private showers, and hotel bathroom.

The three common fungi that cause athlete`s foot are trichophyton mentagrophytes (mainly in athletes), trichophyton rubrum (mainly in general population), and epidermophyton floccosum

Athlete`s foot is characterized by scaling and thickening of the soles, erythema, burning, itching, cracking between the toes, and yellowish-brown toenails. It affects men three times more than women.

Potential risk factors for developing athlete`s foot are:

  1. Occlusive shoes.
  2. Poor hygiene of the feet.
  3. Weakened immune system for any reasons.
  4. Diabetes mellitus.
  5. Long term consumption of antibiotics or corticosteroids.
  6. Poor digestion and floral dysbiosis.

 Management and Nutritional Supports:

 General Advices: Athletes foot 2. Canadian Academy of Sports Nutrition caasn

  1. Using open-toe footwear.
  2. Frequent changing of socks.
  3. Keeping the feet dry.
  4. Drying the spaces between toes after bathing.
  5. Wearing sandals or well ventilated footwear around the home and outside.
  6. Washing the feet daily with soap.

Restricted Foods:

  1. Sugar and sweets. The fungus feeds on sugar.
  2. Refined carbohydrates.
  3. Saturated fats. They slow down blood flow to the area.
  4. Carbonated beverages.
  5. Foods high in yeast and mold: beers, aged cheese, dried fruits, melons, and peanuts.
  6. Fruits juices.

Recommended Foods:

  1. Plenty of water: at least 2 liters a day.
  2. Legumes.
  3. Cold water fish: salmon, herring, and mackerel.
  4. Flaxseeds.
  5. Chia seeds.
  6. Hemp seeds.
  7. Fresh fruits and vegetables.
  8. Oregon grapes. They contain the alkaloids berberine, berbamine, canadine, and hydrastine, which fight fungus.
  9. Unsweetened yogurt.
  10. Garlic.
  11. Ginger.
  12. Cinnamon.

Recommended Supplements:

  1. Tea tree oil: apply the oil topically onto the affected areas.
  2. Garlic pill1000 – 2000 mg a day. Garlic contains ajoene, which is a powerful antifungal agent.
  3. Probioticsa product with 5 to 10 billion active organisms per serving.
  4. Oregano oil (containing over 50% carvacrol): as a capsule, 300 – 500 mg a day or as a liquid form, 0.5 ml twice daily. Oregano oil has a potent antifungal activity.
  5. Caprylic acid: 2000 – 3000 mg a day. It is a fatty acid with antifungal property.
  6. Echinacea500 – 1000 mg a day.